previsualisation

When creating imagery where you need to build the set-up to start with. You have to use pre visualization as a key tool.  This was a term created by Ansel Adams. Who sees it as “The ability to anticipate a finished image before making the exposure” this is done mainly through storyboarding.

Some artists have become known for this tool such as:

Jeff Wall.

Gregory Crewdson

David LaChapelle

Philip Lorca DiCorcia

Crystal Lebas

Tim & Sue

Henry Peach Robinson

Oscar Rejlander

Ton Hunter

Erwin Olaf

Rineke Dijkstra

Hiroshi Sugimoto

Jeff Wall made this work out, “A Sudden Gust of Wind, 1993” out of 50 images. The image was based Katsushika Hokusai painting “Ejiri in Surua Province”. Due to the amount of images used to make the final piece this work had to be pre visualized so to come up with the final image intern replicating the painting through scenes that he saw.

Here the image shows how a sudden unexpected action can change things and throw you of course if you aren’t prepared for them. Intern losing things and having to start again or be prepared by considering the unexpected.

Gregory Crewdson series called “Twilight” holds a cinematic feel to it, which is influenced by David Lynch films and the American suburb. He first starts off with pre visualizing the image so that he can construct the full scene from scratch. He also builds up a full stage so to hold his camera and lighting, with a crew of people intern turning his photographs more into film set-ups. This can also include calling people so to join the imagery or closing off roads. Followed by digitally combining images to make the final piece.

The series “Twilight” is based on the aspect of the day changing from light to darkness, so to capture the witching hour aspect. The main theme behind the imagery is to capture the anxiety created from displacement.  Through creating scenes where two location are brought together when it is impossible for them to be seen together.

David LaChapelle work is based on series of famous stars that influence the imagery LaChapelle creates. He first starts by pre visualizing features about the select person and trying to coming up with features that is not seen of the person but which describes them. From this he builds a scene up from painting the walls to the props needed so to create the select idea in Lachapelle’s mind. This work also holds a film set-up so to hold the equipment and crew so to get the set impact that is wanted.

Here the image of Elton John with a childish outlook so to show a youthful, wild, playful look to him. While having a range of tiger statues surround him showing both his riches and security. This also shows how he fame and fortune also holds a sense of control and respect although he has outlandish behavior.

While this image of Madonna, she is shown as an Indian swan through the use of colour and company of swans while being dressed in Indian clothing. At the same time being based in front of the sun so to enforce the belief of her being the Bird of Light as swans are seen. This also holds a look of love, beauty, unity and harmony. From the use of colour and the way in which the swans are joined together so to form love hearts in their necks.

Philip Lorca Dicorcia work holds pre visualization through the set-up and colour of his work although it has more of a documentary outlook to it. The work is based on what is actually seen such as typical innocent behavior but due to the context, the meaning is changed so to add more of an emotion and psychology to the work. The work is also questioned of how honest it is due to the image being set as a scene from a film although known to be documentary.

Crystal Lebas focuses her work on the impact of colour, which is predominantly around blue. She does this through the use of a panoramic camera. Intern it enforces the aspect of the witching hour in the work.

Tim Nobel and Sue Webster create their work “Nihilistic Optimistic” in the studio using the form of silhouettes from items.  They pre visualize this so to use found items to create the silhouettes with action and behavior through lights. The pre visualization has to be done so to having everything set in the correct place for the whole image to come together.

Henry Peach Robinson, 1853, “Fading Away” is based on pre visualization. This is so to consider the layout, the tones, colours and how the characters are stood in the images. Enforcing the mood of what is happening in the images.

Tom Hunter creates work based around imagery paintings by artists such as Vermeer but holds an updated outlook to the imagery that are mainly set on a council estate.

Erwin Olaf series “Grief” is based on pre visualizing scenes that are common reactions to people who suffer grief. He however, sets these up so to capture the responses in wide spacious areas. Enforcing more of the subject’s feelings.

Hiroshi Sugimoto pre visualizes his work so to be able to control the light so that only the one source of light is available and it is visible in the select area. This is predominant in his series of work called “Theatres”.

Advertisements

Research lecture

When finding research for a project you have to consider what you are looking for. In particular the subject, type of lighting used by the artist, how they produce the work, publisher etc. This will create a general theme of running ides.

This will lead you on to creating a full idea in your head of how your own work will look and what will be successful to use to capture your imagery the way you have it in mind. Doing so will also help you consider your own work in a wider context such as how does it fit in with other practitioners work in that it becomes similar or different to work already seen.

From this I was given the task of finding a theme in a range of books. These were:

Gregory Crewdson –

Here his work is seen as film stills, where certain areas are lit up. This is so to show a glitz and glamour look to the work of an area. However, when looking back at the image you see that the items highlighted with soft light are abandoned. This makes the viewer feel sorry for the items as they are forgotten about.

William Klein –

In this work, Klein uses contrasted highlight to show both good and bad. He also controls the eye so that you are drawn to the barrel of the gun through the highlights. Giving a bad feel of the image until you then realize it is of a young boy playing while having a sinister look on his face. In the background a girl is doing gymnastics. Showing the innocence of the children but also pointing out the danger.

Mapplethorpe –

His work was based on flowers where he looked at the beauty of them but also removes the stigma that is linked in with each one so that they don’t hold the expectations. This is by setting up the flowers as a portrait instead of still life. Making it easier to have the item away from it’s surroundings. Like with the rose where he uses a soft light to make it graceful and shows the beauty but surrounds it with smoke to enforce an idea of deconstruction. In turn bringing the flower away from the stigma of showing love.

William Egglestone –

In Egglestone’s work he uses a strong midday light, which is flat and evenly spread over the image. Then uses other light to illuminate parts of the image that makes you wonder what the story is as the highlighted features are one’s that won’t cause much offence. In turn pulling you away from other parts of the image. This light is used to enforce the realism of the work that is mainly landscape or documentary however in some it is artificial, depending on the image. The main focus though is his use of colour as he is a pioneer for when colour was first used in photography.

Richard Moss –

In Richard Moss’s work he looks at stuff that is out of the ordinary to most people, like with life in the Congo. The images are mainly cover with a soft pink fairy tale glow as a light. Which you realize when looking at the subject, it represents death. The light though adds a beauty to the imagery so you enjoy viewing it. However, the curve ball thrown in is that the subject is a feature such as child soldiers. Then you feel bad for liking the image because of its context. You do tend to look at the images more because of the contradiction held in the work. Especially with the landscape pieces that are close up so hold a purple capillary and cell creating a bloody feel. While the purple shows an unnatural representation with war and how far across the world war has spread. However, in the full picture the location could be some where near to so to bring the point of the picture home to the viewer. These images show the extent of the problem with firearms and war.

Misrach –

This work is based on Golden Gate Bridge from the exact same position, here the artist captures the mood and atmosphere created from the light of the day and night. This is so to create beautiful imagery seen by people with a large amount of money. These images also hold resemblances of Constable and Szane paintings so to enforce the beauty formed. However, as a twist it also provokes a reaction through the beautiful imagery holding Alcatraz Prision in the mist. This gives a political outlook as then the imagery is seen to represent how the prisoners are seeing the same image twenty-four, seven from the exact same place. This is enforced by the layout of the days and how the colour has changed but nothing else has. Also in this twist is how the location that the images are taken from hold a wealth through it being the rich people who live in the area and who have paid to see that view of what would be mind numbing to the one’s on the opposite island.

Outdoor lighting

Today we did a shoot that was based outdoors. This was classed as location.Here we used natural, artifical and combined light.

The location was based infront of a wall full of gravity. So using the equipmentof a softbox, battery pack, reflectors, umberellas and an exposure meter to work out the settings. Here we considered moving the set-up created forward so that the light from the subject wouldn’t affect the wall. This is the image we had.

Image

Afterwards we went to another location where it was mainly shadowed. Due to this the main light supply was artificial.Image

Another shoot we did though was based in an area where there is light and shadow so we had to use both types of light. giving us images like this.

Image

Studio Lighting

There are three types of lighting. These are

Natural – daylight

Blended – daylight and artificial

Artificial

Today I did a shoot that was based outdoors. In a group of six, we had to create a set- up where the background was darker than the model. For this we used a studio light with soft box, sync cable, battery and exposure meter. Through this we came up with a range of imagery but this was out final shot. Making it blended light but was mainly natural.

Here we had to work out how far away we needed the subject and lighting from each other and the background. This was made tricky though as when we did get the settings right we had to capture an image quickly due to the sun keep going behind the clouds. Meaning we lost the main source of light. However, the shoot did end successfully.

Afterwards, we did a shoot that was based in more of a shadowed area. From this we still used the sunlight as the main source but also needed the studio light much sharper and more prominently. Due to this we didn’t use the soft box for this shoot. This is our best shot from this shoot. This was more of a blended set-up.

As a final shoot we also did a shoot based more in the openness but where there was also high amount of shadow. For this the shadow was more prominent and the artificial and natural lights were both key pieces. This was the chosen image from this shoot.

From this I found that choosing the light was more difficult when it was based more on the sunlight than on the studio light as it was harder to control. However, I found that working on location with both types of light interesting, as I had never done this before. So it was something new to me.

Too add to the lighting tasks, today I did a shoot based in the studio. Here we had to do five different tasks. For this we used:

List of items

Soft Box

Single Head kit

Exposure Meter

Reflectors

Task 1

Using a soft box or reflector, light the model with direct lighting. Do this with a white reflector and a black reflector.

Image with white reflector

Image

From this we found that the white reflector created extra light.

Image with black reflector

Here the black reflector created extra shadow.

Task 2

Image

Place the light at 90 degrees from the model; take a shot with and without a reflector. What is the difference?

Here the difference was that without the reflector there was a shadow created in the area where the light couldn’t reach. This is due to light travelling in straight lines.

Where as here with the reflector, light could be directed meaning that it could reach more areas. So there was no shadow.

Task 3

Place the light above the camera. How different does the light look in a different position?

Image

From doing this the light covers more area intern the model was lighter and less shadows were formed. It also meant that the background and surrounding area was also lighter compared to before.

Task 4

Does different light placement work better with different faces?

ImageImage

From doing this test it was shown that with darker hair and skin. The light would work well on a higher power compared to people with lighter hair and skin. Where the light would become more washed out. Meaning that the power of the light had to be changed so to benefit the model more, giving more detail and colour in the model. With less light and power.

Task 5

Using either the snoot and/or honeycomb repeat the task.

Images

When using these, the light appeared in a clear circular position. Which depending on the size and space they determined how much light was allowed through and the size of the circle of light. This led to there being more darkness with a smaller honeycomb or snoot and more light with the larger honeycomb.

The smaller amount of light was also easier to control as it covered less space. However, the larger surface of light meant that all the area had the light spread over it evenly.

Product light

For a shoot today I had to find some items that were rough, reflective and smooth so to capture how the light affected them. This is through doing some product photography.

Here we used a table with and without a cove on it plus two Bowens lights, one on the left and one on the right of the items. Here the lights were then altered to higher, mid and low level – to below the table with part of the light shining inline with the items. This created a different mood and shadow on the items.

This gave us these images!ImageImageImageImageImage

So to make more effective the way we wanted them we also used both white and black paper to help reflect the light. This intern gave a set mood to the items.

As well as that we tried the imagery with material items for bases such as a black cotton coat and a leather jacket. This gave us these images.

From this we felt that the black leather worked better with the item as it reflected the light better and had a smooth affect. From using these items it made the perfume inside the bottles more visible with the light and also the light emphasized the colours more. This made these images the strongest when it came to showing the detail of the items.

When finding research for a project you have to consider what you are looking for. In particular the subject, type of lighting used by the artist, how they produce the work, publisher etc. This will create a general theme of running ides.

This will lead you on to creating a full idea in your head of how your own work will look and what will be successful to use to capture your imagery the way you have it in mind. Doing so will also help you consider your own work in a wider context such as how does it fit in with other practitioners work in that it becomes similar or different to work already seen.

From this I was given the task of finding a theme in a range of books. These were:

Gregory Crewdson

 

Here his work is seen as film stills, where certain areas are lit up. This is so to show a glitz and glamour look to the work of an area. However, when looking back at the image you see that the items highlighted with soft light are abandoned. This makes the viewer feel sorry for the items as they are forgotten about.

William Klein –

In this work, Klein uses contrasted highlight to show both good and bad. He also controls the eye so that you are drawn to the barrel of the gun through the highlights. Giving a bad feel of the image until you then realize it is of a young boy playing while having a sinister look on his face. In the background a girl is doing gymnastics. Showing the innocence of the children but also pointing out the danger.

Mapplethorpe –

His work was based on flowers where he looked at the beauty of them but also removes the stigma that is linked in with each one so that they don’t hold the expectations. This is by setting up the flowers as a portrait instead of still life. Making it easier to have the item away from it’s surroundings. Like with the rose where he uses a soft light to make it graceful and shows the beauty but surrounds it with smoke to enforce an idea of deconstruction. In turn bringing the flower away from the stigma of showing love.

William Egglestone –

In Egglestone’s work he uses a strong midday light, which is flat and evenly spread over the image. Then uses other light to illuminate parts of the image that makes you wonder what the story is as the highlighted features are one’s that won’t cause much offence. In turn pulling you away from other parts of the image. This light is used to enforce the realism of the work that is mainly landscape or documentary however in some it is artificial, depending on the image. The main focus though is his use of colour as he is a pioneer for when colour was first used in photography.

Richard Moss –

In Richard Moss’s work he looks at stuff that is out of the ordinary to most people, like with life in the Congo. The images are mainly cover with a soft pink fairy tale glow as a light. Which you realize when looking at the subject, it represents death. The light though adds a beauty to the imagery so you enjoy viewing it. However, the curve ball thrown in is that the subject is a feature such as child soldiers. Then you feel bad for liking the image because of its context. You do tend to look at the images more because of the contradiction held in the work. Especially with the landscape pieces that are close up so hold a purple capillary and cell creating a bloody feel. While the purple shows an unnatural representation with war and how far across the world war has spread. However, in the full picture the location could be some where near to so to bring the point of the picture home to the viewer. These images show the extent of the problem with firearms and war.

Misrach –

This work is based on Golden Gate Bridge from the exact same position, here the artist captures the mood and atmosphere created from the light of the day and night. This is so to create beautiful imagery seen by people with a large amount of money. These images also hold resemblances of Constable and Szane paintings so to enforce the beauty formed. However, as a twist it also provokes a reaction through the beautiful imagery holding Alcatraz Prision in the mist. This gives a political outlook as then the imagery is seen to represent how the prisoners are seeing the same image twenty-four, seven from the exact same place. This is enforced by the layout of the days and how the colour has changed but nothing else has. Also in this twist is how the location that the images are taken from hold a wealth through it being the rich people who live in the area and who have paid to see that view of what would be mind numbing to the one’s on the opposite island.

Task 5 – Evaluation

For my assignment I had to look at light and how to use it effectively in imagery. This was through pinhole photography in the darkroom, studio photography and lighting plus location photography.

In return from this I created a range of images that were on location, in the studio with models and products as well as in the darkroom. Alongside creating tests that were both successful and unsuccessful.

This worked well for me as I managed to create some effective imagery and learn new skills with the light alongside learning to interpret the light in different ways so to make the most of it. Another skill I learnt was pre-visualization, as I had never tried this before. So I found it quite helpful.

I did however have set backs; this was both in the darkroom and studio. These were that the images from my first pinhole camera came out small although they did work. So I altered it, this made the box tricky to open without letting light in in return exposing the paper.

While in the studio, I had problems with access as so many people were using it at once meaning I didn’t get to spend much time doing my shoot and was rushed throughout.

To combat this problem with pinhole I decided to split my time over a range of days so to capture each image. I also tried using a change bag that meant I could change the paper while on location without it being exposed. As for the studio, I feel that I should organize my time, so that I use facilities straight away so not to be put off by others.

All in all my images came out well so I was happy with them and I did learn an understanding from new skills. So I am quite happy with the final outcome.

Task 4 – Draycote Waters

For my task 4 I visited Draycot waters.

Here I had to get a set of 5 images that represented the area. This was by focusing on the entertainment in the area such as watersports, fishing, birds etc. For this I didn’t really do any research except for what the themes were and what I was allowed to take images of. As it also had to fit their brief of entertainment at the location for their competition.
From this I used my Canon 1000D camera and a standard lens. Here I captured quite a few images but I came up with these 5 as my final pieces due to them being based around the water and scenery which stood out as the main feature of the place.

IMG_0012 IMG_0273 IMG_0353 IMG_0375 IMG_0409

I did enjoy this project as I prefer the location type of photography. However, I did hinder myself when I saw some features that i could photograph. Yet I couldn’t get a close enough image due to the features being to far away for for my standar lens to reach. Althought I am happy with my images in future I will make a point of taking my zoom lens with me also. So that I can reach further distances when shooting.

Task 5 – Relook at Easter Task

At the beginning of the assignment I was asked to look at how light could be used in effective ways. From this I came up with a list of ways and artwork that had used this skill effectively. These were quite in depth explanations of light from past knowledge that I had, however after doing my assignment I am now able to add more examples to it of which I have managed to come up with.

As well as being able to come up with ideas in my mind of how I could create the set-ups. So that I can get the suggested light I need. On top of this before I could tell what sorts of light was available and how the light was used. Yet now I can also work out from imagery; for both my research and from imagery to do with things that I enjoy, (such as music booklets) what light is used to create the images. Making me look at the items more closely as it now explains to me more of why I like the image, such from certain techniques that have been used and what I can try out in my work. Meaning that now when I see inspiration from more features than just being I like that and not having an explanation as to why.

When looking back at the images now and my explanation of them, although I could see a lot of what was happening in the imagery. Now I can see more so how the pieces were made to work. Meaning that it gives me new tools to try also instead of just being influenced by them.

Michael Collins Workshop

After having the talk from Michael Collins we was given a workshop by him on how to use the 5 x 4 film camera. Here we were split into a group of 6 people.

How To Use the Camera

To use the camera you have to first choose the place where you are setting up, also taking into account the amount of distance that you need. When this is decided then you are able to set up the tripod and camera so that they are level. To be certain you can measure this out using a spirit level, on the different parts/ the camera, the sides and the base underneath the lens.

From this you then attach the lens and open the camera to full aperture. Followed by using the knob at the side of the camera to focus the image along with making adjustments by considering the ground glass. If you then need to alter anything you then use the tilts to do so and to make the composition correct for your image.

Next using the exposure meter works out what is most important in the image and what are the best settings given by the meter.

Afterwards you can close the lens, cock the shutter and place the film holder (already loaded) in between the two groves – locking it in tightly.

From this you make your final checks that everything is correct before removing the dark slide. Once the dark slide is removed you can see the subject clearly, however they will also appear upside down too. Finally press the cable release to fire the shutter. Then put the dark slide back in and remove the film holder.

 

With each canister you can have two images per slide otherwise for best chances of the image. You can shoot the same image twice so that you have the best possible outcome from them.

 

This camera I found interesting to use, as it was something that was new to me. However, through looking at the size of it I was quite nervous to use it. I did feel more reassured after being talked through it though as it reminded me of the Mamiya RB and 6 x 7. Although I still didn’t feel confident with it much I think though that if I have practice and get use to using it then I will be fine afterwards but until then it may take some practice. It is something that I would like to get to grips with using though.