Revisit Things For A Second Time

Essential Elements of Poetry

Rethink things for a second time.

A seduction in capturing the real, the essence of time.

Animals – natural environment – exist within the environment. Live with in the now.

Humans – Have to thought out, held. Imagination is distant, far away.

Vertov Kino Eye

The mechanical eye. Looked at the world in a new way- use of camera.

An imaginative construct, like poetry but with visual language. Had rhythm, montage and intention.

Look at it’s construction of nature. Others (industrial) leave it to make belief so to enter the world.

Strip away techniques, framing, cameras, software etc. What is left?

  • Talent
  • Skill
  • Imagination
  • Unknown factor. Unexpected.
  • Narrative – well constructed.

Godard – Motion pictures were invented to look, tell, and study something.


Mimesis – Presentation where the creator is not considered.

Diegesis – Presentation where the creator addresses the audience.

1950’s onwards questioned the way of working moved to another direction.

1974 Bowery NY Rosler

Resembles a storyboard. Common route, revisited what isn’t considered in the regular routine.

Enforces drink, the affect it has on the area. Language of drunkenness in each society that it exists.

Includes text for each image. Related to animals inhabitants, words shifted to nouns that explain it, shifts to alcohol and words that are usually considered with it. Was seen as being cold. People capture left no trace except for the broken bottles. Slow shutter and way of life.

Made the viewer think they were looking at the real, unconstructed.

Rosler questions how the imagery is considered in a gallery. People captured aren’t seen in gallery, only reason they are there is because of the camera as they can’t escape it.

Jean Rouch

Making a film is like making a surrealist painting.

We recognize parts but it looks at the imaginary.

Considers the process created when using a camera.

Has a simple question at the beginning but the response is unknown allows for the film to wander off?!

To make a film you have to use the body to write what is seen. Shows the body but at the same time is not included, keeping a presence.

Includes a social scientist and Jean Rouch in the conversation. Rouch saw a point of view as something that could be pulled apart. Provokes the response of the people so to get what is seen. Only used one camera. Clearly constructed so to have the people meet rather than have it be finding a person at a time. It is shot as a conversation rather than a set point of view that fits the form of the documentary created.

Differences to a reality TV today.

A different reality is created, not based on anything serious. Focus on a set tone that is seen as being non-emotional and the film makers aren’t brought into it. Product placement and over voice used.

Reflective approach from the voice. Works with the images so to show the thoughts but doesn’t show the person speaking or any other people. Talks of how the film is constructed, you have to watch the film so to show the understanding of it’s creation which is openly spoken about.

How different are the two really though?

For the first clip, a simple question at the beginning but the response is unknown allows for the film to wander off?!
That way the documentation of peoples opinions is honest and not driven through a script like nowadays. Here a meeting between a group of people from different backgrounds is recorded for the purpose of publicity. The thoughts are wanted to be known when it comes to a subject that they have all been contacted about. However, how true is the documentation? As when the topic tends to drift and become silent then the director comes in bringing up past events such as how the woman feels on the topic from upset she had or how the coloured man feels about the subject based on his background. This shows that even though the characters are shown to have their own thoughts and speak freely they are in fact controlled with how the recording goes so to instigate the characters feelings more on the subject. In parts of which to actually create an uneasy feel making the video more interesting to view but turning it more into a sitcom at the same time.
The video documentation is also questioned on it’s set up when it comes to the pre-planning as the people are bought in based on their experience, not just a casual meeting. So it is not a case of the regular thoughts but more of we’ll have you chosen because of this or we’ll have you because of that. Taking the video into the reams of being created as the there and then thoughts of just asking someone’s opinion. The directors presence of which is also included from the people creating it being captured speaking and in the footage at times. Even more so as one of them is bought in as a character.

While in the second clip a scenario (all be in not serious) is created with a context that is probably not familiar to the characters other than in their story line is asked to work to the storyline through their acting ability so to express a thought bought together through a script. This does not hold the people from behind the scenes in it and class it more of a sitcom.

Yet what really is the difference between the two? The one set of characters lived it while the other set didn’t. The one set of characters express their opinions while the other set don’t… or do either set really express their opinions at any point or is it all controlled for the benefit of the mass media?

Peripheria Presente Film

Uses sound, effects are enforced so to help enforce what is seen, text is included to inform.

Has the sense of a story with the explanation of how it is made and the context surrounding it but is set between two languages English and French dependent of the speaker. This is also enforced with the use of archival images. Mainly though it creates a conversation between the subject and the film-maker.


Really Virtual Reality

New media – think of books, cd’s, newspapers being suspended into digital versions.

Was classed as convergence but the word fell out of fashion.
Media integration is main nowadays. Everything is based online.

What is a virtual world?

Here people play a game on the wii, making this now a phase for exercising so to get people more healthy. Mainly getting gamers to exercise more instead of sitting playing play station games. However, from this they get exsorbed into the game and loose any idea of how close the surroundings are around them.

Here the guy wants to imagine the pain is gone.
Even when healthy thought we want to be tricked, transported. Often to places where there’s war.

Thirst of Illusion
Oliver Garu says these

“immersive” techniques have been utilised by artists throughout history to create the environment for worship and ritual”.
Examines how virtual fits into art history of illusion or realism.

Trompe l’oeil – illustrates the love of being tricked.

Early artists interested in creating illusion and fantasy.

Robbie Cooper

Here he focuses on the way a game player becomes immersed into their environment.
Photography used to be seen as honest. The camera never lied.

Does making a representation move it into virtual realism? Is virtual almost true?
Even if prosaic or everyday still virtual.
Artists before BC was also interested in virtual, digital or immersion but they were interested in illusion.

Adding a playful element!

Kurt Wenner

Julian Beever

Using chalk and murals to merge into the surrounds.
Grau – Digital/virtual have exactly the same purpose – create illusion/alternative reality.
Even photojournalism has a sense of virtual. Robert Capa’s falling soldier said to be set up.

In so much virtual how can we tell what is reality?


A blog post on BBC News looked at similarities between war and games.

Enforced by Ofcom ruling that ITV misled viewers by airing footage claimed to have been shot by the IRA which was actually from a game.
Nottingham Trent University – Game Transfer Phenomenon research showing that game playing transfers into reality as the lines blur between the two

Lev Manovich.

“Whose Vision is it? It is the vision of a computer, a cyborg, an automatic missile. It is the realistic representation of human vision in the future, when it will be augmented by computer graphics and cleansed from noise. It is the vision of a digital grid. Synthetic computer generated imagery is not an inferior representation of our reality but a realistic representation of a different reality”.

1990’s moving image fundamental transition.

Previously seperate – live action cinematography, graphics, still photography, animation, 3D computer animation, typography.

Became combined in different ways.
“Pure” moving image became an exception
Everything was combined.

Computer’s started to be used to create highly spectacular special effect – “invisible effects”
Late 90’s. The whole project displays a hyper real look where the live-action material is not completely invisible but does not call for attention in the same way special effects usually do.
-has multiple media within same frame.

Hybrid visual language is common to large proportion of short experimental or independent videos.
Many VJs and live cinema also combine hybrid, combing video, layers of 2D imagery, animation, abstract imagery generated in real time.

Other moving image culture that took place.
Computer produced special effects – affected narrative film makers.
Computer generated special effects in Hollywood feature films or the inexpressive digital video and editing outside of it.
Not as main.

Revolution – No new media created.
Radical 80’s made to be not noticed in cultural history.

Since 1990’s…
Hybrid visual culture dominated
Narrative still use mostly use live-action footage, videos shot by consumers and prosumers with commercial video cameras plus phone cameras left as are. Everything else hybrid.

80% follow hybridity.

Uses green screen and composes actors with computer generated sets or visuals.
Not as dramatic as motion graphics or seamless integration as CGI.
Explore space between  juxtaposition and complete integration.

Create a new stylized aesthetic that can’t be reduced to live action cinematography or 3D computer animation.
Display same logic as new hybrids.
Not a mechanical one but a new visual aesthetic that didn’t previously exist.

Sodium Fox

Blend of drawings, paintings, 2D animation, photography and software effects.
Slows down pace of motion graphics.
Computer software allows for control the transparency of each layer, different visual effects.
Biologically inspired algorithms and techniques to create animal like movements in animations and interactives.

Some look like over-sized pixels or heavy image compression.
1980’s remix dominated 2000’s
Remixing has a meaning to music – introduction of multi-track mixers in 1970’s.
Today known as any re-working of any existing works.
Remixes combine content form many sources in one piece of media.
Today fundamental techniques, working methods and ways of  representation and expression.

Works nowadays can use all techniques from the different types of media.

From Media to Algorithms
Once a computer environment is released and interacted with others making hybrids.

Deep Remixability
Crossover effect
Separate media techniques can function.
Altering of separate parts

The Variable Form
Motion graphics affects the frame as a whole. Everything in the frame changes – visual elements, transparency, the texture of the image etc.
Something that stays the same is an exception from the norm.
Digital computers allow to represent phenomenon or structure as a set of variables. All design and variables -visual, temporal, spiritual, interactive can change constantly. Also allowed to change the parameters.
Software such as Adobe affects influences the designers thinking.
Mid 1990’S allowed spline based modeling for 3D modeling.
Used in other subjects as well as creative i.e. architecture

The Aesthetics of Continuity

Require a visual coherence
Creates change before the eyes without realizing how quickly.
Another made from software – constants become variables.
Talent is key as well as technical knowledge.

From this I got the understanding that since the use of computers the meaning of the work has changed, before you had to have the ability to use equipment for a set subject such as photography as well as the skill to create the imagery. However, since computers have come into force and many forms have been combined that is now not enough as you now have to have knowledge and ability to use each form available. This also means that the aspect and ability captured in an image is now not as effective as it used to be as the resort of computers becomes stronger. Making you consider how much is ability and how much is technology, as technology now allows for the alteration of many aspects in an image. That many are now more computer-generated than pictures. However, in a time today the computer generated can make the images also more effective to view or make the impossible, possible to view. It is dependent on how it is used.

Task 4 – Hybrids

For my forth task I have been asked to do a presentation based on hybrid forms.

“In the seminar you will be giving mini-presentations on the glorious hybrids you have found. These might be images that have been recoloured, or montages/mash-ups – or they might deal with images distributed via an app you use. Or they might be an application of some kind – or a film. Think about”:

  1. The motivation behind the hybrid

  2. The narrative or message of the image/form/application

  3. Is it art/journalism/entertainment?

  4. Is it useful?

  5. Who made it?

Here I decided to look at Tommy Ingberg, Never Mind.

From this I created this presentation on Prezi.

For another piece that interests me this week I watched the film Mr Nobody.

In this a character known as Mr Nobody aka Nemo. is the last human being that is dieing naturally. He talks about his life from when he was young from before he was born to the time of which he is meant to die. While at the same time the main character played by Jared Leto lives a life split in three where he has a relationship and marries three girls, that are neighbors of whom had a crush on him when they were young. Too this point the colour is over saturated and has a child like look to it but as he gets older this changes. When his mother and father split, he leaves on the train with his mum and lives with his dad turning the imagery to a raw outlook of the world. Living with his mum he falls in love with the one girl bringing soft colours, staying with his dad he gets with another girl but as she won’t dance with him he marries the third girl when he’s older. Bringing into question what path does he take? With repetition of the train tracks that are laid on top of each other, swimming and only Jared Leto’s character the types of life switch. This is made interesting from the use of the repetition in each life so to keep a familiarity, the amount of questions he asks throughout his life and how this turns to a science lesson at points. Plus the spin that is placed on the narrative, at the end so to throw a curve ball in the story giving an original outlook to a typical storyline. Although the story is fictional and has many happenings it is clear to follow and raises many questions not just about the film but also about the viewers life. All based around what route do you take in life?

Bill Viola – The Reflecting Pool

In this experimental video, you see a man walking up to a pool which is centered and split into two for framing. The bottom half of which is based on the moving water in the pool which is represented in the sound. While the top half is based on the trees and where the man is stood. This then turns to be that when the man jumps into the pool, the imagery becomes half moving and half stop motion. Added with colour while the man fades into the trees before you see two shadows walking round representing time until finally climbing out the pool with no clothes on. This is something new to me as I have never seen a video like it before with such a simplistic outlook but a video that keeps you interested as you have expectations of what will happen next but instead from the techniques used, the next step is changed to make it something that is unexpected. From this the viewer doesn’t really know what will happen next. This I also find to have an extra interest as the video is also created from just the one position and kept in that place throughout the whole of the video. However, the video does still hold questions of who are the extra shadows involved in the imagery.


For my second task in Experimental Narrative I was asked to create another 20 second piece of audio. This time though it had to include an image or video from that did not have to link to the audio and could be with anything I wanted or the same piece as last weeks. For me I decided to do a fresh piece and create something using music.I also decided to go for the audio linking to the imagery so started with the imagery first. Where I found this video.

As this video was too large I looked for ways in which I could then shrink the video to be 20 seconds that would work consecutively through the use of Adobe Premiere Pro. Which gave me 20.3 seconds of imagery. Leading me to turn to my audio.

Here I used my itunes to find songs with interesting grungy sounds in them. Giving me clips from these two songs.

Which I sliced up and then merged together of how I wanted them to go so to fit the imagery and time. Followed by using effects for the sound in Adobe Audition and Premiere Pro so to alter the speed and length. Plus adding an alteration to the volume, delay and echo, special – Guitar suite. When I was happy with these aspects I went back to the imagery and added Effect – Presets of Mosaic, Solarize and Twirl In. Giving me my final imagery. This is my final video.

Task 3 – Immersive Photography

For my third task each group was asked to look at  range of immersive photography. Between my group we found these options.


This artist focuses on 360 imagery through videos, photos and cgi. In the imagery you have a set colour like pink enforced in the image as well as added affects such as falling snow. This way the colour is enforced for what the artist is focused on and the snow although does not  look authentic, does give an impression to the viewer of what the conditions are when the picture is being taken. While with the videos you choose where you go as the person walking as you are given the controls to direct your way through it. This is finally explained in the cgi as they take a scene and build it through from a model design into a cgi version.

Google Street View 

This piece is focused on the use of google view, an interactive map that is available by any one but is now also used as an art form nowadays. It is mainly seen as a helpful tool by any one to visit any where in the world from the comfort of their seat, with no cost or movement needed. Due to this it is also a strong business for the google themselves.

Matt Field

In this piece you are greeted by a world map that marks out places in different countries. Each marker represent a place used for a project created within the project. After it loads it then allows you to move around the place at your own free will as if you are walking round in a circle viewing your surroundings.

Hillel Steinberg

This set of images shows immersion in a different way. Here a range of 75 images are used in sequence are stitched together after being aligned. Each one turned round but with extra thought put into each to make sure each piece is captured without leaving a gap or being out of line. To add affect a fish eye lens is used so to capture the surroundings area and makes it that all that is seen in that area by the eye is captured with each footpath being a different route to focus on.

Maya Press

With this immersive project, you are brought into the work straight away as when you see the image due to the angle used it is seen as being it’s your response. You first see shapes with a blue center before realising you are looking into the sky from the center point based around a range of buildings with you set inside.

Immersion in a Different Way

Chino Otsuka

Here Otsuka places herself within an already captured image through the use of digital techniques. That way a recent version of herself is shown by the child version once captured in the picture. Giving a sense of being an adult supervising a child although both are the same person.

Dan Wiltz

For this piece, the images are set as simple portraits where only a range of girls are photographed focusing on their phone. Here the only light available is from the phone so to show that all the girls are interested in is what happening on their phone.

Robbie Cooper

Here Cooper looked at people who have video game avatars so to show how they want to be. As in many cases people tend to create avatars that resemble themselves otherwise they go to the polar opposite and invent an avatar for them to be their desired person. Whether it’s what they prefer their dreamed of partner to be like or how they dream of seeing them selves as either taller, slimmer etc.


Bullshit and the Art of Crap Detection – Neil Postman

From reading the book I gathered the impression of the meaning of set words.
Here I read that people

  • crap – detecting came from Ernest Hemingway.
  • One quality needed above all others… “Yes a built in, shock proof, crap-detector”.
  • Big words are used when not sure what to say.
  • Pomposity – Way people try to show they are better than others.
  • Fanaticism – (bigotry) Only confirms own point of view.
  • Inanity – Entertainers mainly. An opinion given from the point of view of someone who is listened to but has no idea what they are talking about.
  • Superstition – Where the own beliefs are correct over something else as they believe in it.


Postman’s Law 

Third law –

“At any given time, the chief source of bullshit with which you have to contend is yourself.”

Forth law –

“Almost nothing is about what you think it is about–including you.”

Saying nothing is what you think it is including yourself as we never know ourselves never mind others.

Crap detection is what happens when someone becomes a certain type of person.


This I feel is interesting as when you become more inept with social networking or with your name the more a platform someone is given. Making it that they are then able to reach out to more people and get their points across but then some do use it to enforces their thoughts over people who support them. So with a module based on using social media and being based in a world that is based around social-media now it is easier to get followers and to preach than it is to consider both sides. Especially when it is easier nowadays trying to over come others as a sense of superiority. 

Creating My Website 2

From this being my first website that I had created and knowing that others who had used the same hosting site as me had been charged more than once for the one hosting name I was nervous to select for any options. So when I was asked to activate my account for it to process my transaction I decided to leave it to asking whether it was OK to go ahead or not from my lecturer. Luckily it was correct! Due to this I ended up being steps behind everyone else from the steps that had been gone through before so now for getting up to date.

After selecting to install wordpress from my cpanel. I had my account. Here I altered a few things.

  • Admin (The default username for account)
  • General –  Title and Tagline.

While in the CPanel.

  • To use a director you create a new folder.
  • WordPress is a separate folder called wp.

To organize the files.

  • public_html – The public can see. Contains web pages.
  • inside wp – All wordpress instillation items and cgi bin folder. (Don’t need to use cgi bin folder).

  WordPress instillation items are php files. These have different coding to dreamweaver which means the pages aren’t static.


So that my site had a response to the public and an advertising while being down I created a new html page in dreamweaver. Saying

“This site is under construction. Click here to visit the blog”.

While holding a link to the blog in the target. A html picture was uploaded and saved in the folder index under public_html. With the notes of no spaces or capital letters. 

However, even though I followed these steps it did not work. Instead I got this.

Screenshot 2014-01-19 21.19.52

This I found out to be due to the fact I called it underconstruction.html rather than index.html.

Naming it as Index gave me the proper page I wanted.

Screenshot 2014-01-19 21.30.31