Task 3 – Digital Images

For task 3 I was asked to create a shoot containing 5 images using studio lighting. For this I decided to think of different ways of capturing imagery, from this I came up with doing my shoot based on:

·      Head shot

·      Full body shot

·      Items

This is so to show different perspectives of a person. The face of the person, a full body shot that shows their fashion and the attitude towards society through their appearance. As well as items that mainly represent the person so to show more of their interests instead of just a guess of what they are like.

From this I decided to do some research to help influence my shoot. Here I started with headshots! This led me on to finding:

Rankin looks at using a high use of white light against a white model and a white background with a feature that brings out the main subject. Here he is using a pink flower in the mouth to bring the eye to the lips. This takes away the detail of the person as well as takes the eye to and away from the focus at the same time. This I find to be inventive and a clever use of white light however it’s not successful against light make up in my opinion. However, the way in which the light is used is something for me to consider I feel. 


Diane Arbus

These images hold a high use of shadow that creates a separate identity, a feminine identity compared to the actual subject being photographed so to show a different perception. The artist also uses a high use of contrast between black and white so to show a masculine appeal and a perception of two sides in one place. The concept of the image is key to me and is what attracted me to the image due to it capturing the perception of a person doing a past time. Yet also holds an outlook to the image where it shows a different side to a person.


Clifford Coffin

This work is based around a set theme and tries to give an impression of happiness and comfort. This is mainly to give a warm summery feel but without anything distracting the viewers attention away from the clothes. The outlook of the image though is bright and posed. However, the high use of white with sharp direct light stands out to me as it portrays more about the person and their persona alongside the fashion.



Arthur Elgort work is based in black and white taking away the detail of what the area is like. Instead this makes you focus on the subject and their behavior. However, when you see the image due to the stereotyped outlook of America, the colour appears in the image through the mind. His work though is mainly based on location and is based around natural light. He also looks at getting the model to work with the camera yet at the same time having them at a distance by either looking away or having their eyes hidden. This implies more of a feel that the person is set in their surroundings more than take into consideration that they are being photographed, giving more of a natural response. Which I feel is an interesting characteristic to hold in an image.


Yousef Karsh

Here Karsh focuses on a head and shoulder shot with a high use of darkness, this adds a set tone to the image. As the colour works along side the expression of the subjects face as it adds a sense of superiority and sternness to the image. In doing so gives an outlook of what the person is like which is what attracted me to the work. The image also tends to give a time through the clothing worn as it implies a cold ness also adding to a distance with the viewer. This is also made to be grittier through the graininess and greys used giving dirtiness to what is a clean cut took to the image.


Yasumasa Morimura

This image is a basic headshot with no action behind, just a white background to take the image straight to the point of being about the subject. Here the stance shows superiority and the outlook of a leader going into battle alongside the uniform. Yet the outlook and closeness shows more of an intimacy to the person than an outlook of being a fighter throughout. This gives more of a depth as it makes you consider the person than just what is first known. Which is an outlook that I find interesting.


Thomas Ruff

Ruff’s work is based on headshots that are set out like passport images. These are mainly created through white backgrounds and direct light that lights up the background that is a distance from the subject. Intern not creating and shadow or highlight on the subject. This makes the viewer create a perception by the subjects clothing and hairstyle. I find this interesting as it informs you of the person yet hold a privet sense to them at the same time.


Ken O’ Hara images are cropped in on the face so to be set around the mouth, eyes, eyebrows and nose. These images are also in black and white so to remove information about them such as their ethnicity. Doing this has meant the person has their identity yet any knowledge about them is removed. So that the only perception made of them is through their face. Here you have to focus on the tones, eyes and age detail to be able to make an opinion of the person. This I find interesting as in todays, day and age it is based mainly on what someone’s fashion is like rather than the person themselves.


Afterwards I found these artists when researching images for body shots. In particular I decided to research fashion photographers for this shoot.

patrick demarchelier

This imagery focuses on a full body hot and although it looks at creating a gritty sexual outlook to the fashion. It also looks at trends and using the tones of the clothing to work alongside the light, intern emphasizing how import the clothing is. The light used is also based around that of a honeycomb so to draw the eye to the set feature so to enforce the authority. I fee4l this is a creative a clever trick to try so to enforce importance in an image.


Philippe Halsman project “Jump” uses a direct light so to capture a high key light to enforce the impression of excitement of happiness that is felt when someone jumps. He also keeps a distance to so that he can capture the whole person when they jump intern taking into account pre-visualization. This does make the work feel more distant yet at the same time gives an impression of what the person is like from how they respond to the title of the project. I feel this is the main influence on my work when it comes to looking at light.



Nick Knight looks at silhouettes in his imagery. This is due to him being a fashion photographer so wanting the main focus to be the clothing. This is by putting the model in black intern taking away her identity yet keeping the outfit in colour so that it shows the importance of the outfit. Here he also uses high key lighting with a white backdrop so too look at the contrast between opposite colours as his work is mainly black and white yet it is in colour. Intern this also makes the person stand out more and points out the impression by the outfit. In this work though there is also a bold statement shown, of that an impression is made through the clothes.


Finally I researched still life artists for the product images so to consider ways in which to set up the images, lighting and how to make the images effective.


Sudek uses original location set-us compared to a studio outlook so to add more authenticity in the images. Here it creates more of a documentary honest feel although holding a set-up out look at the same time. This work also holds authenticity through the use of natural light. The importance of which is emphasized by how the item is placed in a location where the light is strong and key. The natural outlook though I feel is more interesting as it makes the imagery feel more honest.


Willy Otto Zielke creates a macro outlook to his images so that there are no extra surroundings included in his images. He also focuses on the tones and textures of the images. Doing this means that even though the image is set up from a studio set-up. It doesn’t make the image less authentic as the background isn’t taken into consideration as much as it would be usually. This I find interesting as instead of looking at the full image you instead look at the features of it like with showing a portrayal of the person (the theme of the brief).ook


charles ward

This work holds a honest look to it however it also strongly points out that the images are staged through the strength of the lighting and how the items are placed. However, they are still interesting as they are kept in their original location of a kitchen, barn like area making them more authentic. This makes the images more appealing. They are though let down in my opinion of how the detail is let down through the high use of direct lighting which is too strong for the subject. So it has led to the image becoming washed out in parts.

 From this I’ve decided to look at one person and capture imagery of them as a headshot, posture and fashion plus key items. The images are going to be shot using a light under the table, softboxes and  direct lighting. This will be two soft boxes for the person and one for the products. I am also thinking of altering the lighting so to give a different depth to the image. Along with showing two sides of the person.

These are my images.
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Hair light

As a task today I was asked in a group to create an image with and without a hair light, through the use of studio equipment. For this we used a white backdrop, exposure meter, two Bowens’ lights as front lights and a Bowens light as a backlight. Plus a honeycomb or bear head and two reflector boards as well.

So to create the hair light, we then lit a model with the bear head with one light having higher power than the other on the front light. Then a back light, these were each lit through the exposure meter, which flashed when the shutter release was pressed.

This made the hair have a shine to it compared to the rest of the person. Doing so worked better with wilder and darker hair than someone with lighter hair.

We also tried this with the light on in the backdrop that gave more of a glow around the hair and a warm feel than capturing the image without the light on.

These are the images that we captured.


Previsualisation – Nick Knight’s Top Shop Advert

When pre-visualising a key task is to create a diagram with the layout and information on so to inform you and help you set-up the scene. For this I looked at a scene out of Nick Knight Topshop advert.

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I then recreated a scene of how I thought it would be laid out.

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From doing this it made it clear of how it isn’t the cost or equipment used but instead the ability and preparation that make amazing shots so strong and look more complicated than what they are. The key with this in fact is practice through simple things like looking at your favorite films in films, pictures or videos and deciding why I like them. This also makes an image more understood as the context and what features represent become clearer.

Kalvin Scale

The kelvin scale was invented by Lord William Thomson Kelvin. It is used to measure colour temperature of a light source. It is based on a black body emitting light then measuring the light that is emitted which decides the temperature.

Task 2 – Pinhole

For my second task I have been asked to create 2-4 images of empty spaces. For this I decided to look for inspiration for my imagery. This was by looking at:

Roger Fenton’s, The Valley of the Shadow of Death

shows a road that is covered in live cannonballs during the Crimean War. Here it shows emptiness yet holds a sorrow due to how desolate the area is. It also holds an honest look from the place looking undisturbed yet the context shows a horrible danger at the same time. This piece didn’t really influence my work however I thought it was key to look at due to the way in which the artist uses empty spaces.

David Spero, Settlement Project

was based on looking at places that have been used for living which are not like the usual industrial life this so to show a different aspect to what people see. These I find interesting as the imagery captures a natural look, which holds an unusual aspect and more of documentary, feel to the work. However, although this imagery doesn’t influence my work the aspect interests me and will be something I’ll look at for future work.

However, I decided to look for other ideas of how I could create my imagery. This was by walking around my local area and seeing what jumped out at me as being strong images. This led me on to doing some more research that was key to my imagery. From this I found work by:


Aldrick is mainly a wedding photographer, however he also done documentary work of places that are abandoned. Which is what caught my eye, as not only did he light imagery that caught an atmospheric affect, he used natural light for it. They were in places that people don’t usually see holding a beauty but instead more of run down. However, from working with the light and the simple composition, these places were instead turned into a room that had its mystery and history jump out at the viewer’s imagination. While the darkness also held the past away at the same time so to make you feel like you was looking into the unknown. From this I felt the work was really effective and made me look more through his collection of art.


Another artist I found was someone was Nicks Photo Walks someone who does photo walks. This artist creates his work in digital, although when I looked at his art of places with empty spaces. I found that through the way he sets-up his imagery and portrays the light. The image forms a history which resembles olden days around early 1900’s or later. This I found interesting and although it is done with digital I feel an interesting characteristic to hold in the work.


Finally I also found imagery by someone by the name of Electric Jonny who was on Deviant Art who uses different cameras, including pinhole, for photography as a past time. This imagery I feel is the main influence on this project for me. As he managed to capture imagery that could be of many local areas! Yet through the way in which he captured the imagery he managed to give the image more of a vintage feel that looked as though it had a worn out feel which I feel goes well with the idea of empty spaces. In many of the imagery also the work also gained a sort of notion where although it was empty you could imagine the history of warm summer days, with laughter and enjoyment happening. However, with time moving on the places and memories were fading into the darkness and past. This imagery I liked as when I looked around my local area I could relate to this.

From this I decided to visit my local park where I used to go when I was a child. This I thought was effective as I feel that pinhole imagery hold a sense of memory and fading away through the detail in the imagery. Which is just like the park as it is usable and safe to go. Yet not many people tend to go their or taken their family/children there as it has been tarnished by vandalism. This intern leaves the playground having a look of being there waiting to be used as entertainment and having the laughter heard there like it was before.

From this I used a metal impulse tin. This stopped light from being able to get into the tin and exposing paper. This is the tin I used.
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I then turned to processing my images. Which I came up with these as my final outcomes. I also tried to capture an image of the park from the moving roundabout. Although it didn’t work as I had hoped it still came out well.IMG_0002

I then decided to present these in a black box so to represent the pinhole camera. I also put tissue paper inside to give more of a cherished item feel and to keep it secure a ribbon. These were in a yellow colour so to go along with the manual cover.IMG_0001IMG_0005

Pin Hole

So to make my pinhole camera I used:

Ben and Jerry’s Ice Cream Pot

Gaffer tape

Sewing Needle

Spray Paint

I first used the scissors to push a hole into the center of the card tub.


Next you spray paint the tub – here it has already been done but this has to be done inside especially so not to allow light to bounce or reflect around the tub.

After you stick the paper into the tub. This has to be done in the darkroom otherwise the paper will be exposed.

Finally you add gaffer tape around any areas that may allow light in so to stop the light from getting in. Also add an extra piece over the aperture so to create a shutter.


This could leave you with images like these depending on the depth of field between the aperture and paper and if the camera works.

The images that are mainly white are also my negatives while the ones that are mainly black is my positives. Images that I created from my negatives by placing the negative on top of of a blank piece of paper, under a glass plate before exposing light on to it for a certain amount of time determined by a test.
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As pinhole is based on trial and error it can be tricky. To make things easier it is key to make a record sheet. This is the one that I created based on notes from my different shoots. This tells me what the settings were, what worked and what didn’t.

Drawing from Light

For my new unit  Working with Light, I first had to start by looking at tones creeated by lighting. This wasdone by using a still life set-up of red items then drawing with a eraser on a page covered in charcoal, the places where the light hit. This is one of the  images that I created. IMG_0219
Here I focused on only drawing where the light had hit the subject, making my images look more abstract.

Introduction To The Studio

As an introduction to the module I was introduced to the studio equipment. This was by being shown how to use the equipment for those who had never used it before while for those who had got to practice with it. With this the introduction included

How to set up a light

ImageHere the light is set on to a tripod by screwing the light and it adjustment knobs, round til the light is fitted tightly and securely. These knobs are also used to adjust the height and direction that the light is directed.



Putting reflectors away

imagesCAFWX2UWThe reflectors are a circulatr disk of material that direct a light to where you want it to be and removes shadow in return. These are simple to set up as when they are pulled out of their coil they spring into their full shape. However, the trickey part is putting it away. This is through folding the reflector in the center and then  folding, one side towards you other side away from youand draw them together.


Exposure Meter

To use an exposure meter you have to set the ISO to the setting you will be using. Then you hold the meter in the area that holds the most perdominant lighting or shadow. Here you press the top button on the side which takes a shoot. This will capture a range of settings that can be used to get the best quality image for the location. Here you scroll through the settings using the arrows on the side below the selection button so to get the settings suitable.


Puting an umberella on a light

ImageTo connect an umberella you have to slot the metal bar through a small hole. Here you can then tighten the knob so to keep the umberella in place. The umberella also has to be pointed towards the light so that it can be connected, being placed like this also diffuses the light.


Fitting a soft box up

IMG_0202Another trickey piece of equipment is a lightbox this if fitted over the light like a lampshade however it is hard to place together. For this you have to slide the metal rods into the metal circle while slotting them through the black material outercase. Once all four are in place the shape of the softbox will be formed and steardy. To the left is an image of what this will look like. Next you slot the box over the light and lock it in like with a lampshade. Followed by adding a smaller piece of white material (a diffuser) in the middle through the use of velcrow. This is then finished by adding another white piece of material on the front which will be velcrowed onto the black border piece. Another smalle3r piece is also used to cover in the back opening around the metal ring. This keeps all light locked in the box and only allows light to escape through the front piece of material.

This I knew how to do as I have pre3vious knowledge of the items. however, I also found it useful as some items can be trickey to get a hang of properly.

Task 1

For my first task I have been asked to create a manual based around the lighting for the module “Working With Light”. This is so that it is of help to others learning how to use the light itself and equipment in future, to also if I need to relook over key aspects in the future.

For this I found examples of manuals that I thought would be key to influence my design.

From this I have used the one that I have with my camera that is set out as a small book but is neatly packed together. It also has imagery and a large amount of text. I feel though that there is too much text available in it, so I didn’t tend to read it when working out how to use my camera. Although the detail in the imagery and layout I feel is quite effective as it gives a tidy and understandable outlook to follow for those who do read it.


Others that I have found on the Internet though include features such as this one of the flip video quick start guide. This I believe would be folded up into a Constantine so to make it more compact. This I think is the most successful way as they can be tricky to fold back up and don’t always close up properly.

However I do also like this one, as the layout is neat and clear. Plus is effective with how extra circles are added so to show a close up feature and a distant view showing where the features can be found. That way it is easier to navigate around the features. The amount of writing is also minimal so there isn’t too much information to take in, so I would be able to glide through the information easily if I wasn’t able to understand the images. Plus a key feature that stood out was the amount of white space, which made the images and information look more spacious and better on the eye. For these reasons I mainly prefer this type of manual.

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This manual I found is the common look for how PlayStation manual layouts are. I find it to be effective in the way in which it is laid out with the main image being laid out over two pages so to be more spacious. Also the amount of information is also easy to take in like with the previous manual. Yet this is where the preferences stop as I am put off viewing it through the colour and size of the text. As compared to the space around it the text is to small to read when in comparison with the colour. This is due to the colour blending into the background and the background being too busy for my liking as the clouded part draws me to it more than the console does. For it to be viewable I would say either use a lighter background otherwise brighter and larger text.


An instruction manual I don’t like though is this type where it is based on text. As when I first see this I tend to put it down instead of reading it due to it being information overload. This sort is also more off putting by the use of columns meaning that you have to read across and down while taking in a load of text at the same time.


The one that stood out to me the most though was the cartoon health and safety examples that I found. This was due to me being able to recognize the characters straight away, adding more of a connection with what was being shown. These were also more memorable as the bright colours and actions made it more eye catching and meant that I had took more information in. The layout being based on an A4 sheet with a small amount of colour and bold yet simple images also added to it being easier for me to view. As it had a good size to it so it was easier to see and although there was a lot of information taken in it was through a minimal amount of stuff to register.

From this I decided to go for the idea of setting it out like a sketchbook and printing it in the style of vintage magazine. So to add extra force though I’ve decided I will use card as my covers and print my text through the use of paint. So to link in with the cover but I thought it would link more with a neat style type writing like with a professional diary.  However, from using the paint it reminded me of the Kids In Glass Houses In Gold Blood album cover. This gave more of a creative outlook so that it was more of a sketchbook style than a portfolio outlook.

Then inside I kept the style neat so that it was in half for text and half for images. This made it more spacious to view. The different layouts of pages also made it more interesting to view than having the same look repeated throughout.
From this I got my final manual. This is my PDF version.
manual almost finished
This is also the covers to my physical copy.
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In the end I added a red strip cover so to hold the book together as there was too many pages for me to bind without getting in a mess.