Camera Obscura

Camera obscura is based on the way in which we see an image. This is created from light traveling in straight lines intern turning an image upside down. It is then turned round the correct way through the use of a lens (that is in people’s eye) so that we see an image the correct way round.

However, with camera obscura you can see an image upside down through blacking out a room so that no light is able to get in. This will make it like the canister of a camera. Although with this you also have one small hole in a piece of paper over the window that is about a pennies wide. From this you get an image on the wall opposite but upside down. This image will be like a shadow.

To then alter the image you have to change the size of the hole in the paper… make the hole bigger so that the image is sharper or smaller for it to be out of focus. If you also limit the amount of light you will then be able to see colours like with a prism.

Here are images that I captured on my camera when creating a camera obscura.


This was an interesting task to do as it showed the original way of creating photography that was started by William Fox Talbot, Nicephore Niepce and Louis Daguette. It was also interesting as being in a room set up like it made me feel relaxed due to the atmosphere created.



For a way of learning I was told by my lecture to look at Itunes U educational piece so to find resources to encourage my way of learning. This is a tool where speakers have discussions on different subjects such as Art. From this I found 3 different discussions that I felt linked in with my work at the time. These are:

Carter Ratcliff – The Point of Art

Lynne Tillman – Words Are Images, Too

Eleanor Heartney – Art Today: Tales of Plastic Surgery, Genetically Altered Rabbits, and Other Acts of Art

In Carter Ratcliff’s talk he spoke about what is art and what isn’t art so to explain the point in it. It said that art couldn’t be understood. It is something that has different meanings whenever you look at it. It also holds a sense of the history of art yet when viewed in the future it also relates what is happening at the time. This is due to them having a sense of individualism. Pieces of work that aren’t art are propaganda features. This is because they are created for a purpose with an objective in mind. So when the reason behind it is over they no longer have any link to what is happening and don’t link to the past. Just like something that is brought to put on a wall is only made so to be pretty so isn’t art. This is due to both propaganda and decorative pieces removes art meaning.

The second piece is Lynne Tillman’s Words Are Images, Too. I chose to look at this piece, as photography is a different way of looking at texts such as stories. Also I have an understanding of the use of words in art through graphics and typographic plus my interest in music.

Here she spoke about how words create an image from the description that they give. However, even with this description everyone still has a different image due to everyone having a unique interpretation of it. This is even the case with an existing image.

Next she went on to speak of her own work, Madam Realism and the way she critiques features. This work being based on how she looked at pieces and saw them as ugly, even including a piece that resembled her. Until she had a dream that she had turned into the piece based on her and went into her studio. Here she found her piece based on Michael Jackson crying, asking if she did not love him. From this she felt guilty and like she was being judged by her own work yet at the same time they were looking straight through her. Like when viewing an image, it doesn’t speak about the viewer yet because what is shown it speaks to the viewer. This made her feel like she could control the meaning of the work but can’t decide it due to different interpretations. The key is though that you need to be honest to the work and say why you like it or don’t because of the impact you feel towards it, not because of how close it is to the real thing. This is also important to Madam Realism due to her being a critique of art.

Finally I have looked at Eleanor Heartney’s, Art Today: Tales of Plastic Surgery, Genetically Altered Rabbits, and Other Acts of Art. This one I thought would be interesting to look at as it made you think what is art really about? Also are some of the things done in the name of art really worth it?

This she started off with by talking about other people’s work and how they are art along with how recreations of other people’s art are also classed as art. Yet they may have only taken an image of an image. This lead on to her saying about the piece could sell for $1 yet what else could you sell for a $1, your DNA and if you did who would that belong to? The person who brought it or the person who the DNA is inside of? Plus would that make it art and what else could you do.

For example

A person with the help of a laboratory created a glowing rabbit from injecting the rabbit with jellyfish DNA. The plan of which was to give his daughter the glowing rabbit as a present yet in the end the laboratory said no. Maybe because they wanted to keep experimenting, they had done the experimentation as there facilities were used or maybe because they didn’t want to alter animals and for future evolution to have glowing rabbits running about. This still held the question though is the glowing animal classed as art as it is individual and basically unusual or has consensus gone out the window and people are doing anything and classing it as art to get away with it? Due to a breakdown of ideas, taste and standards!

From this came the question on what is art? The answer being art is something that holds an importance as to how it reacts to society at the moment. Yet when you look to the future it also makes sense then as it still relates to the time. Making it be something that lives in different time zones like with technology today where people watch TV now, but majority of the time it was recorded in the past while being on the internet having a conversation or searching from what has been said in the past but is still going strong. Due to this no one lives in just one time zone any more, due to a manipulation of how time can be used. This is classed as art as it becomes different; it changes how people look at the world, their way of thinking and perception.

For a critique though the way art is looked at is also changed, as art is only a dialect, to then nowadays it is something you can talk about. This is due to the meaning always changing like due to the world around us always changing.

Viewing these three talks was interesting to me as it made me consider things differently. As before I never saw art as being something as everyone living his or her routine life. Yet when you think about it more it shows that art is literally everywhere. Also features that you wouldn’t class as art include art. However, how far would you go to class things as art and how much do you consider art if it was a person instead of material features? Due to this it has made me consider more of what art is actually about and including more meaning in my work instead of creating a piece on the spare of the moment response.

All in all when watching these videos I felt it was an effective tool to use as anyone nowadays has access to iTunes. Yet I did feel that when watching the videos due to the length my concentration dwindled as I had access to other tools. Although I could listen to them as mp3’s when on the move. This was helpful for some except for when it spoke about visuals that could not be viewed as it was based on only sound. As well as this some I gave up on due to the fact the quality of the audio and visuals were bad meaning you couldn’t view the images properly or hear it clearly. All in all though I did find that from the one’s I viewed, it as an interesting tool to find extra references and ways of looking at art. However, not something I wouldn’t use too often, as it wasn’t the best way for me to take in information without losing track quite a few times.


On top of my work my friend also a photography student asked me if I wanted to join her on a shoot throughout the industrial area of Birmingham known as Digbeth. A place she was visiting so to get some industrial landscape images for her assignment. On the day OUT i captured these images.


Assignment 1

For my assignment I was given the brief of

“You will be looking at the thesis in classic and contemporary photographic texts which layout specific ways of considering and making sense of photography…

Choose the argument in one of the texts read to frame the perspective of your practice, and link it to one the topics areas.

Eating Disorders

American Culture in the UK

The Freedom of the press

City Regeneration

The Occupy Movement

Ownership and property

Representing Another Culture

You will need to produce either a physical book (artifact) or a digital book for your final submission that link the text to the topic, with between 12 – 18 pieces”.

For this I have decided to look at Ownership and Property, through looking at people through their belongings instead of looking at them based on the perception received of them at first look. This is linked in with the text of “When Is A Photograph Worth A Thousand Words”. I chose this text as it links in with my theme through Tsinhnahjinnie H J speaking about how a photograph means more through it explaining it’s context and when you can relate to the photograph by memories.

From this I turned to looking at pieces that I could research, for this I found these artists.

Jon Crispin

Nan Gouldin

Todd McLellan

Sydney Marie

Claudio Parentela

The one that stood out to me most of all was it links in with my idea of representing people through their belongings that they carry.  This work was based on the photographer Jon Crispin. Where he took images of suitcases that had been left behind at a mental health asylum. Here he photographed the people’s belongings of how they had been left in their suitcases when first packed. In tern showing the people and their personalities through the items rather than through the people themselves. 

I found this work interesting as a way of depicting what the people was like.  So it has become the main influence for my work.

My idea that has formed is that of getting people to place items that are important to them on the front of their bag. In tern capturing the things important to them, how much they hold onto their key possessions, what they find important and how much care they put into the item by how neatly they place the items.

Today I did my first shoot for my work I based this on my bag and the items in it. Here I was able to see how well my images would appear and also try different techniques and angles to capture my imagery through.

From this and other peoples opinion I found that the best way to capture the images in a simple fashion of straight down on to the bag.  (The bag of which was used as a base as it made the items more personal and showed the case of which the items were held in).

These are all the images that I have captured.


So to make my book more personal I have decided that I am going to create it in the format of a physical book. This will be created through the format of a Japanese Stab Binding so to keep it in a simple, original format. Also keeping the images of the precious items hidden between the covers. Enforcing a personal outlook to each image.

When I was led onto my other shoots  I decided that the most interesting way of capturing the imagery was by capturing different age ranges between forties and teens, both male and female. Here showing people at different points in their life and from different backgrounds through the way society has moved. 

From this I have narrowed my images down and after speaking to my lecturer, I also took headshots of the people so to show them without the influence of their items.  These are the headshots that I have captured.


From the idea of my book being based on the items and the people. I came to the conclusion that the best way to have the images would be that of in colour so to enforce the people’s personality more. Alongside keeping the images raw and honest. However, so that the main focus that would be based on the images of the possessions I have also decided that I will change the headshots to black and white. This will mean that the colour will attract the viewer first and bring them towards the main focus of my work. So that it is based on looking at the person through their personality than the first response of the person.

This is done through Adobe Photoshop. Through using Adjustments – Black and White.


I have also made the images into a set format for the headshots also, through the use of crop.


This has left me with these images.

Layout and Sequence

For creating my book I have come up with these ideas for layout.

From this I have decided to go for the theme of a diptych. Here a large-scale version of the images of possessions on the right hand page. Making it the first image seen each time. While on the left is a small headshot so to add extra information and also place a face to the property. Alongside this it also makes people look at the person with more of an insight of them than just a simple look at the person.


Today I have created my book through Adobe InDesign and Adobe Photoshop.

At first I changed my images to being 300dpi.


This was done with the settings of 5p0 for the slug and bleed and with it being set at landscape.


Using the master pages I also added the images in the exact same place so to have the book running consecutively.


Along with adding black boxes for the covers and black or white text depending on the page colour.

This gave me my final book that I saved as a PDF.


This is my final product.

Assignment 2

For my assignment I have been given the brief

“You are required to make a 3‐5 minute photofilm, which examines and challenges the idea of representation”.

This is through either of the categories

A Successful Small Business

Personal Hobbies – The Need for a Balanced Work Life

An Inspirational Person

A Personal Obsession

From this I have decided to create my video based on my personal obsession of music. This will be based on how I got into music and how it influences me from when I was younger to nowadays.

For my starting point I have decided to look at the meaning of what is a hobby and an obsession in terms from the dictionary.

Hobby – An activity done regularly for pleasure.

Obsession – An idea or thought that continually preoccupies someone’s mind.

From this I followed on my work by looking at videos and artists. These were that of

Amy Hodges

Left Fork

Christopher Durst

Dan Massey

This video I felt was key to the work as it showed a good narrative and even though my work is based on music. It helped me come up with other ways in which to look at the items involved in music that are usually found around the home.

These videos are one’s that I found on YouTube. Here people speak about how music influences people and society and how much of an impact it has. These videos however only look at the negative aspect and are only shown from the one perspective.  Yet it doe show the impact that music has.

Where as this essay looks at music with a good outlook.


Another video that I looked at was Lostprophets 4am Forever. This is key in my work as the fine art fell and the use of colour balance so to affect the work enforces a set tone, which is quite cold. Although I want to have mine warm I think this is a creative way in which to go about the imagery.

After this I have created my storyboard along side this I have come up with my ideas for what I am going to photograph. However, I have come to these through the use of my script and what I have available that link in with my story so to create the chronological story.

This has created my basis of which I am recording using the Edirole R09. Here I had the settings set to being wav files and high so to gather more sound and have more detail in the sound. However, this does take up more file space.


Today I shot the imagery for my video; this was all based on the moving imagery using the Canon 5D. Here I created my work based mainly on the lighting available, which was low so I added extra to it. This was by the use of the lamp, in tern the lighting and settings enforced more of a cinematic affect.

After creating my video I have now captured my imagery to go along with it using the Canon 5D again. From this I have managed to capture a lot of my imagery that has covered the basis along with my video clips. However, due to the timing and availability I have also had to use found imagery so to show the live music aspect. These are from recent events that I have been to where I have used wither my Canon 1000D or my Nikon Coolpix camera. These intern show photography captured through a range of cameras.

After I have uploaded all of my imagery into Adobe Premier where I’ve arranged them into a coherent order that fits with my storyboard and script. Here the settings were based at 25 frames.

I also added extra affects so to separate and show new chapters throughout the film.

Along with running the order along to the beat and tune of Stereophonics Live ‘n’ Love.

I chose this song as the band is one of my favorites and the lyrics go along well with the theme of my video.

From the adjustments and the alterations to the clips I created my video that exported the video as a H.264 and preset as 25.

This gave me my final video

<p><a href=”″>Deana Chantler Assignment 2 Personal Obsession</a> from <a href=”″>Deana Chantler</a> on <a href=””>Vimeo</a&gt;.</p>


When sequencing a photobook you need to consider what you need in it and what you don’t. This consists of covers, images, (after deciding which are good, bad or ok), motifs (recurring theme) a structure, concept and text that adds information put means something to the work. To be able to understand how to create the book you need to be able to read the imagery so that it makes sense. This is done through trial and error so that the images flow. For this to work though you need though you have to consider the order by deciding the way the images are paired. In some cases the images can be in a cluster sequence meaning that different themes can be shown through images so to form chapters. Another way is by scatter where the images are easy to read meaning that the viewer doesn’t have to do much but the work does need to ask questions. The best way to decide this for you book is by bringing the information together and forming a structure. This will help me create a theme with my book as it will make me consider how I will set up my final images

Premier Editing

So to create my video I have been asked to use Adobe Premier. This I feel confident with as I have previous knowledge of using Final Cut Pro. However, I will have to get use to the layout of Premier first.


The first thing that was new to me with Premier; was having to choose the dslr,  this was between 24 and 25 depending on which I shot in with the camera. In my case 25 frames as it was more documentary while 24 frames is more cinematic.



After I had to navigate to where my work was. A key tip for this that I was given was to keep all the files in a folder so that they are easily and found and all together. This I feel is key in creating a video but is easily said than done.


From this I was given my timeline where I could create more timelines but given a set amount of 3 so to piece my footage together into how I wanted it to be laid out. This is the main base I have to work on for me to get the video the way I want it.


Here is also the main location of the workspace. This is where my files and sequence will be kept. Alongside it is also the main tools need so to select only the parts of my footage that I need.


Using this is a main focus to me as I enjoy videos and ways in which to display my imagery. However, being that most of the products available and what I use are Adobe. I feel it is more important to have an understanding of Premier. Also I find creating my imagery in a video makes using a narrative more important and thought through thoroughly. 

Photobooks in A Digital Era

A photobook is a book, which shows a narrative through a physical or digital format. These can be accessible online or from a library and many sites use them. However, there is also a range of books that could hold a collection of imagery, which would be more of a portfolio if it doesn’t hold a narrative.

With physical photobooks you are able to emphasize images through the space that they take such as going over two pages along with enforcing a feel towards imagery before opening up to the pictures. This though is not enforced when on a device as it is all in the same format. Taking away the quality. Due to this physical books are important as it can enforce the emotion.  Yet a digital photobook would connect more people and cheaper.

This is important to photography as it means you have to consider how you place your work and which is more important. Having the imagery more accessible or creating the set expression.

Carolyn Lefley

As a part of my lecture today I witnessed the speaking by Caroly Lefley about her work and her career in photography up to date and her education in the subject. Here I found that she started her main education at the university as a student. At this time she asked to photograph empty places and managed to get permission through it. Afterwards she became a photographer’s assistant and put adverts in shops for advertising her work. Before deciding to advance further on to a Masters Degree and having an exhibition. This has led on to Carolyn having an exhibition.

This I found interesting as it showed that she had started off in the same place as we had and then how she had managed to progress. She also showed us the work that she had created and what her thinking was behind it. Meaning that we got to view and have an explanation about the work and how it was created. I found this work interesting as it was creative in how the work was set-up and the experimental ways that the images were created so to become in such an experimental way. From this I also found it interesting what technology was used to create the pieces so that they appeared in the final outcome.

As for the actual talk it was good to be introduced too and told about a way in which to go through managing to go to places that are usually off limits. This I had wondered about before but wasn’t sure who to contact about it. However, the talk answered this question for me. As well as this I learnt how different techniques were used to make effective images. Plus it was easy to focus on and view. I also liked that due to the fact that it was a lecturer talking it meant that we came up with questions at a later date then we was able to ask at the other times as the speaker was still available.

However, I felt that I lost concentration when sat viewing the talk for so long. This made me feel that I didn’t capture all what was being said or that I was not registering the information properly. Plus the Internet wasn’t available for the talk meant that we weren’t able to view it all. This though was solved though by the fact that the information was also available online and we was shown where we could view it at a later date.

As overall though I found the talk to be quite interesting and helpful. Plus I feel it was good that we was shown work by a lecturer as it means we get to see what they have created and the way in which they work. This has an impact as it shows how the work has changed over time and improved. Giving the viewer the impression that they can also make their work better also. Along with how the work was done with education at the same place of study.

London Exhibition – Photographer’s Gallery

As a trip, I visited the Photographer’s Gallery in London! Here I saw many different styles of work by a range of artists.  This work I noticed had the theme of the images having alterations such as Photoshop or manually reoccurring throughout the different floors.  This work was based in videos, drawings, books, sculpture, collages, analogue and digital photography. This was so to show a different range of items being shown to just one set style.

These are some of the pieces that I saw…


The fact that so many different styles were together intrigued me as it meant that you weren’t just looking at one style or theme reoccurring all the time. Plus the way in which each image was set-up stood out to me more through the different layouts used like videos and photographs. Some pieces also reminded me of layouts stereotypical to artist’s studios so to make them feel more familiar to the viewer. This had an impact as it meant that you looked at the work like you could relate to it.

The most interesting layout I feel was the one where the images where the proportion of the image to the scale of it’s base was sometimes much smaller. This meant that when I wanted to view the image I had to move in much closer. In doing so I naturally spent more time looking at the work, as I had to make more of an effort. Like with the imagery where there were pieces missing yet you was able to visualize those pieces. Meaning you spent more time looking at the image without the piece so not to view it with the piece being there.

However, due to the open space and large amount of light I did tend to skip over many pieces compared to the small rooms with little amount of work in and that was darker. This was due to the work being separated from other pieces, which made it seem more of a stand-alone piece and less of a range of pieces being in your face at once so I felt as if I focused more. The darkness also made it feel more authentic compared to the open ness and bright light of the other rooms, which just made me feel as though I was looking over the work when I was in fact taking the images in.

I did also like the pieces that were on the floor as after looking at so many pieces being on the wall and seeing it as room after room like it. Seeing a piece that was located differently was a surprise.

Out of this though I did enjoy looking at the pieces and the way in which artists have portrayed their thoughts through different styles of art. All in all the different types of work was enjoyable and I feel as though some of the pieces I would use as an influence into creating imagery in future projects that I do.